Glossary of Terms
Hey, I'm Tim. They like to think of me as King of Support here at Tagadab, but I just see it as helping out our customers.
I'm going to be writing a monthly blog that will hopefully answer all those burining questions you have. I thought I'd start by helping you get acquainted with the nitty gritty of hosting. We know our industry isn't always a straightforward one, so here is our glossary of common hosted-related terms.
- Bandwidth - a term typically used by your strung out colleagues complaining they're working flat out with 'not enough bandwidth'. But our kind of bandwidth is the amount of data that can be transferred to a server at any one time. Size matters. . .the bigger the bandwidth, the better, in terms of the volume of traffic your site can take without falling over.
- Cloud hosting - just where or what is this infamous cloud so many speak of? Ultimately it is a collection of servers and network services that host your data, which can be either public or private. A common example of a web-based public cloud service is Google mail.
- Virtual hosting - this accommodating companion is the answer to getting you and your website up and running. A virtual server looks and acts like a dedicated server , but is actually a part of a larger host. Unlike a dedited server where the entire computer runs the server software, a virtual server shares hardware and software resources with other operating systems.
- Dedicated hosting - ultimately this is a little web reserve set aside, just for you. A single computer in a network (the dedicated server) is reserved for serving all the needs of the network. This can be for managing communications between all the other computers or a dedicated server that manages printer resources.
- Shared hosting - share and share alike with this solution, which differs from a dedicated host in so far as the provider serves pages for multiple web sites. Each of the sites, however, still has its own Internet domain name from a single web server. This is the solution most commonly offered by web hosters.
- DDoS - that'll be a 'Distributed Denial of Service' attack and there's no denying it's happening at the time! An unfortunately common form of attack on a network that crushes the traffic by dominating its bandwidth, bombarding it with information from multiple hosts. This means legit traffic on the network doesn't stand a chance getting through.
- Firewall - not in fact a highly flammable barricade, but security hardware (or software for that matter) designed to watch over your previous web servers, keeping hackers and those that aren't meant to be hanging around our network well away.
- IP - that's Internet Protocol in full. IP determines the arrangement of the clever 'data packets' that are used to transfer information from one end of the Internet to the other.
- SSD - [So] solid state drive, the SSD, can often also be called a solid state disc. It is commonly a 'plug and play' storage device that you'll find in everything from mobiles to cameras and laptops. An SSD contains no actual disk, but instead uses integrated circuit assemblies to store data around the clock.
- SSL Certificate - to keep you safe and sound, an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a standard security technology that allows sensitive information to be securely transmitted. It is a security protocol that determines the encryption for both the link and the data being transmitted, so you can sleep soundly at night.
- Web hosting - a web host won't necessarily invite you round for dinner, but they will provide you with the service that allows you to physically post web pages to the Internet. Sometimes called a hosting service provider (HSP), a web host provides the technologies and services needed for websites to be viewed on the web.
- Back-up - are there any more dreaded words than 'have you backed that up?' after your laptop has fallen foul of a small accident. . .? Backup involves copying files or databases so that they can be recovered in case of little accidents.
- Root/admin access - 'root' is basically used for Linux and 'admin' is used for Windows servers. In both cases this is the administrative user that you can use to access and edit all of the files on your server, including those system-critical ones. You can also use root or admin access to install and uninstall programs on your server.
Have I left you feeling like an expert? Could you stand up to the Tagadab test? I hope this has proved useful and you have a better insight into the weird and wonderful world that is specialist hosting. If you would like another term added to the list, please feel free to let us know.